ASHT-30 B1 ABS 东丽 Toray

ASHT-30 B1 ABS 东丽 Toray

产品介绍:

二十一世纪初传承至今 专注塑料行业 生产,销售,技术一条龙服务广泛应用于电子,电器,通讯设备,汽车制造,航空航天,玩具,生活日用品等行业 不仅仅只是一次买卖——万物皆以延续而存在 网址:www shermancn com (公司...


  • 价格: 13.5
  • 物品单位: 千克
  • 品牌: Toray 东丽

产品详细说明

品牌 Toray 东丽
牌号 ASHT-30 B1
型号 ASHT-30 B1
品名 ABS
外形尺寸 25kg/包
产品用途 汽车
用途级别 汽车部件|||
生产企业 日本东丽

二十一世纪初传承至今 专注塑料行业
生产,销售,技术一条龙服务广泛应用于电子,电器,通讯设备,汽车制造,航空航天,玩具,生活日用品等行业
不仅仅只是一次买卖——万物皆以延续而存在
网址:www shermancn com (公司内部物性查询正在建立中... 敬请期待)


ABS塑料是丙烯腈(A)、丁二烯(B)、苯乙烯(S)三种单体的三元共聚物,三种单体相对含量可任意变化,制成各种树脂。
ABS塑料兼有三种组元的共同性能,A使其耐化学腐蚀、耐热,并有一定的表面硬度,B使其具有高弹性和韧性,S使其具有热塑性塑料的加工成型特性并改善电性能。因此ABS塑料是一种原料易得、综合性能良好、价格便宜、用途广泛的“坚韧、质硬、刚性”材料。ABS塑料在机械、电气、纺织、汽车、飞机、轮船等制造工业及化工中获得了广泛的应用。

主要用途
工程塑料
PC/ABS再生料是一种重要的工程塑料合金,广泛应用于汽车、电子电气、办公和通讯设备等领域。如今,为了满足在应用领域(特别是电子、电气产品)防火安全的特殊要求,PC/ABS合金的阻燃技术成为人们研究的热点。但随着科技的进步,对材料环境友好性的要求越来越高,传统的卤系阻燃带来的危害日益明显。
在工程中,ABS广泛运用到工程管道中,在市政中对材质要求比较高的项目的池底管道一般可采用ABS管道。
3d打印领域
ABS塑料是3D打印的一款主要材料之一,之所以能成为3D打印的耗材,是其特性决定,ABS塑料有耐热性、抗冲击性、耐低温性、耐化学药品性及电气性能优良、制品尺寸稳定等特点。ABS塑料是3D打印材料中最稳定的一种材质。

用途
ABS树脂的最应用领域是汽车、电子电器和建材。汽车领域的使用包括汽车仪表板、车身外板、内装饰板、方向盘、隔音板、门锁、保险杠、通风管等很多部件。在电器方面则广泛应用于电冰箱、电视机、洗衣机、空调器、计算机、复印机等电子电器中。
建材方面,ABS管材、ABS卫生洁具、ABS装饰板广泛应用于建材工业。此外ABS还广泛的应用于包装、家具、体育和娱乐用品、机械和仪表工业中。

ABS树脂广泛应用于汽车工业.电器仪表工业和机械工业中,常作齿轮、汽车配件、挡泥板、扶手、冰箱内衬、叶片、轴承、把手、管道、接头、仪表壳、仪表板、盆安全帽等。
在家用电器和家用电子设备的应用前景更广阔,如电视机、收录机、冰箱、冷柜、洗衣机、空调机、吸尘器和各种小家电器材;日用品有鞋、包、各种旅游箱、办公设备、玩具及各种容器等,低发泡的ABS能代替木材,适合作建材、家具和家庭用品。

由于ABS具有综合的良好性能以及良好的成型加工性,所以在广泛的应用领域中都有它的足迹,扼要内容下如:
1、汽车产业
汽车产业中有众多零件是用ABS或ABS合金制造的,如上海的桑塔纳轿车,每辆车用ABS11kg,位列汽车中所用塑料第三。在其它车辆中,ABS的使用量也颇惊人。
2000年我国就汽车用ABS的量就达到3.5万吨。轿车中主要零部件使用ABS的如仪表板用PC/ABS作骨架,表面再复以PVC/ABS/BOVC制成的薄膜。
此外,车内装饰件大量使用了ABS,如手套箱、杂物箱总成是用耐热ABS制成,门槛上下饰件、水箱面罩用ABS制成,另外还有很多零件采用ABS为原料。
2、办公室机器
由于ABS有高的光泽和易成型性,办公室设备机器需要有漂亮的外观,有良好的手感,如电话机外壳、存储器外壳以及计算机、传真机、复印机中都大量使用了ABS制作的零件。
3、家用电器
由于ABS有高的光泽和易成型性,所以在家电和小家电中更有着广泛的市场,如家用传真机、音响、VCD中也大量选用ABS为原料,吸尘器中也使用了很多ABS制作的零件,厨房用具也大量使用了ABS制作的零件。

塑料ABS的主体是丙烯腈、丁二烯和苯乙烯的共混物或三元共聚物,是一种坚韧而有刚性的热塑性塑料。苯乙烯使ABS有良好的模塑性、光泽和刚性;丙烯腈使ABS有良好的耐热、耐化学腐蚀性和表面硬度;丁二烯使ABS有良好的抗冲击强度和低温回弹性。三种组分的比例不同,其性能也随之变化。


主要特性
塑料ABS树脂是产量最,应用最广泛的聚合物,它将PB、PAN、PS的各种性能有机地统一起来,兼具韧、硬、刚相均衡的优良力学性能。ABS是丙烯腈、丁二烯和苯乙烯的三元共聚物,A代表丙烯腈,B代表丁二烯,S代表苯乙烯。经过实际使用发现:ABS塑料管材,不耐硫酸腐蚀,遇硫酸就粉碎性破裂。

由于具有三种组成,而赋予了其很好的性能;丙烯腈赋予ABS树脂的化学稳定性、耐油性、一定的刚度和硬度;丁二烯使其韧性、冲击性和耐寒性有所提高;苯乙烯使其具有良好的介电性能,并呈现良好的加工性。

大部分ABS是无毒的,不透水,但略透水蒸气,吸水率低,室温浸水一年吸水率不超过1%,而物理性能不起变化。ABS树脂制品表面可以抛光,能得到高度光泽的制品。比一般塑料的强度高3-5倍。

ABS具有优良的综合物理和机械性能,较好的低温抗冲击性能。尺寸稳定性。电性能、耐磨性、抗化学药品性、染色性、成品加工和机械加工较好。
ABS树脂耐水、无机盐、碱和酸类,不溶于大部分醇类和烃类溶剂,而容易溶于醛、酮、酯和某些氯代烃中。ABS树脂热变形温度低可燃,耐热性较差。熔融温度在217~237℃,热分解温度在250℃以上。如今的市场上改性ABS材料,很多都是掺杂了水口料、再生料。导致客户成型产品性能不是很稳定。

(1)物料性能
1. 综合性能较好,冲击强度较高,化学稳定性,电性能良好;
2. 与372有机玻璃的熔接性良好,制成双色塑件,且可表面镀铬,喷漆处理;
3. 有高抗冲、高耐热、阻燃、增强、透明等级别;
4. 流动性比HIPS差一点,比PMMA、PC等好,柔韧性好;
5. 适于制作一般机械零件,减磨耐磨零件,传动零件和电讯零件。

(2)成型性能
1. 无定形材料,流动性中等,吸湿大,必须充分干燥,表面要求光泽的塑件须长时间预热干燥80-90度,3小时;
2. 宜取高料温,高模温,但料温过高易分解(分解温度为>270℃)。对精度较高的塑件,模温宜取50-60℃,对高光泽、耐热塑件,模温宜取60-80℃;
3. 如需解决夹水纹,需提高材料的流动性,采取高料温、高模温,或者改变入水位等方法;
4. 如成形耐热级或阻燃级材料,生产3-7天后模具表面会残存塑料分解物,导致模具表面发亮,需对模具及时进行清理,同时模具表面需增加排气位置;
5. 冷却速度快,模具浇注系统应以粗,短为原则,宜设冷料穴,浇口宜取大,如:直接浇口,圆盘浇口或扇形浇口等,但应防止内应力增大,必要时可采用调整式浇口。模具宜加热,应选用耐磨钢;
6. 料温对塑件质量影响较大,料温过低会造成缺料,表面无光泽,银丝紊乱料温过高易溢边,出现银丝暗条,塑件变色起泡;
7. 模温对塑件质量影响很大,模温低时收缩率,伸长率,抗冲击强度大,抗弯,抗压,抗张强度低。模温超过120℃时,塑件冷却慢,易变形粘模,脱模困难,成型周期长;
8. 成型收缩率小,易发生熔融开裂,产生应力集中,故成型时应严格控制成型条件,成型后塑件宜退火处理;
9. 熔融温度高,粘度高,对剪切作用不敏感,对大于200克的塑件,应采用螺杆式注射机,喷嘴应加热,宜用开畅式延伸式喷嘴,注塑速度中高速。

(3)粘接问题
根据不同需要,可以选择以下粘合剂:
1. G-977:单组分常温固化软弹性防震粘合剂,耐高低温,不同粘度粘接速度几秒至几个小时固化完毕;
2. KD-833:瞬间粘接剂,可以数秒钟或数十秒钟快速粘合PC塑料,但胶层硬脆,不耐60度以上热水浸泡;
3. QN-505,双组分胶,胶层柔软,适合PC塑料大面积粘接或复合。但耐高温性能较差;
4. QN-906:双组分胶,耐高温;
5. G-988:单组份室温硫化胶,固化后是弹性体具有优秀的防水,防震粘合剂,耐高低温,1-2mm厚度的话,10分钟左右初固,5-6小时基本固化,有一定的强度。完全固化的话需要至少24小时。单组份,不需要混合,挤出后涂抹静置即可,无需加温。



Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x· (C4H6)y· (C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer. Its glass transition temperature is approximately 105 °C (221 °F).[4][5][failed verification] ABS is amorphous and therefore has no true melting point.

ABS is a terpolymer made by polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene. The proportions can vary from 15% to 35% acrylonitrile, 5% to 30% butadiene and 40% to 60% styrene. The result is a long chain of polybutadiene crisscrossed with shorter chains of poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile). The nitrile groups from neighboring chains, being polar, attract each other and bind the chains together, making ABS stronger than pure polystyrene. The acrylonitrile also contributes chemical resistance, fatigue resistance, hardness, and rigidity, while increasing the heat deflection temperature. The styrene gives the plastic a shiny, impervious surface, as well as hardness, rigidity, and improved processing ease. The polybutadiene, a rubbery substance, provides toughness and ductility at low temperatures, at the cost of heat resistance and rigidity.[3] For the majority of applications, ABS can be used between ?20 and 80 °C (?4 and 176 °F), as its mechanical properties vary with temperature.[6] The properties are created by rubber toughening, where fine particles of elastomer are distributed throughout the rigid matrix.


Properties
ABS provides favorable mechanical properties such as impact resistance, toughness, and rigidity when compared with other common polymers.[3] A variety of modifications can be made to improve impact resistance, toughness, and heat resistance. The impact resistance can be amplified by increasing the proportions of polybutadiene in relation to styrene and also acrylonitrile, although this causes changes in other properties. Impact resistance does not fall off rapidly at lower temperatures. Stability under load is excellent with limited loads. Thus, by changing the proportions of its components, ABS can be prepared in different grades. Two major categories could be ABS for extrusion and ABS for injection molding, then high and medium impact resistance. Generally ABS would have useful characteristics within a temperature range from ?20 to 80 °C (?4 to 176 °F).

The final properties will be influenced to some extent by the conditions under which the material is processed to the final product. For example, molding at a high temperature improves the gloss and heat resistance of the product whereas the highest impact resistance and strength are obtained by molding at low temperature. Fibers (usually glass fibers) and additives can be mixed in the resin pellets to make the final product strong and raise the maximum operating temperature as high as 80 °C (176 °F). Pigments can also be added, as the raw material's original color is translucent ivory to white. The aging characteristics of the polymers are largely influenced by the polybutadiene content, and it is normal to include antioxidants in the composition. Other factors include exposure to ultraviolet radiation, which additives are also available to protect against.

ABS polymers are resistant to aqueous acids, alkalis, concentrated hydrochloric and phosphoric acids and animal, vegetable and mineral oils, but they are swollen by glacial acetic acid, carbon tetrachloride and aromatic hydrocarbons and are attacked by concentrated sulfuric and nitric acids. They are soluble in esters, ketones (such as acetone), chloroform, and ethylene dichloride.[7] They also offer poor resistance to chlorinated solvents, alcohols and aldehydes.[3]

Even though ABS plastics are used largely for mechanical purposes, they also have electrical properties that are fairly constant over a wide range of frequencies. These properties are little affected by temperature and atmospheric humidity in the acceptable operating range of temperatures.[8]

ABS is flammable when it is exposed to high temperatures, such as those of a wood fire. It will melt and then boil, at which point the vapors burst into intense, hot flames. Since pure ABS contains no halogens, its combustion does not typically produce any persistent organic pollutants, and the most toxic products of its combustion or pyrolysis are carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide.[9] ABS is also damaged by sunlight. This caused one of the most widespread and expensive automobile recalls in US history due to the degradation of the seatbelt release buttons.[10][11]

ABS can be recycled, although it is not accepted by all recycling facilities.[12][368][failed verification]

ABS is one of many types of thermoplastic with biomedical applications, with injection-molded components being easy to manufacture for single-use. It can be sterilized by gamma radiation or ethylene oxide (EtO).